12 Types of English Tenses with Examples and Formula 2024

In this article, I am going to share the most important part of English Tenses (12 Types of English Tenses with Examples). Tense is the heart of English Grammar. It is crucial for English and without Tense you cannot imagine a sentence. So, here I would like to describe 12 English Tenses with Examples.

What is Tense?

Tense is a letin words. The simple meaning is Time, what time? It is work time. So, Tense means Time. Every sentence has a specific time such as ‘ I go to bed ‘ in this sentence a time mentioned. So, if you want to know the Tense very clearly read this article from top to bottom. Because here I am going to share the overall ideas of Tense. How many types of Tense?

12 Types of English Tenses with Examples and Formula 2024

  1. Present Simple,
  2. Present Continuous
  3. Present Perfect
  4. Present Perfect Continuous
  5. Past Simple
  6. Past Continuous
  7. Past Perfect
  8. Past Perfect Continuous
  9. Future Simple
  10. Future Continuous
  11. Future Perfect
  12. Future Perfect Continuous

Basic English Tenses with Examples

There are 3 types of Tense in grammar. For example –

  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense and
  3. Future Tense

Now, I am going to share step by step explanation of Tense structure – Tense Basic Class For Everyone

Present Tense Structure & Examples

There are 4 categories of Present Tense such as Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous. In the below of this part I shared all structures with example. One important thing is that auxiliary verb or helping verb before starting I will share which is the auxiliary verb of Present Tense ( am/ is /are /have/has )

Present Simple Tense

  • P = Sub ( Singular ) + verb1+ s/ es / ies , for example – I go / He goes.
  • N = Sub ( Sing )+ does not+ verb1, such as – They do not go / He does not go.
  • I = Does + sub ( sing )+ V1? – Do we go? / Does he go?

Present Continuous Tense

  • P = Sub + am/ is / are + verb 1 + ing ( I am going / He is going/ They are going )
  • N = Sub + am / is / are + not + V1 +ing ( I am not going/ He is not going)
  • I = am/ is /are + sub + V1 + ing ? ( Are we going? / Is he going? )

Present Perfect Tense

  • P = Sub + have / has + V3( past participle) Such as, I have gone / He has gone
  • N = Sub + have / has + not + V3 ( I have not gone/ He has not gone )
  • I = Have / Has + sub + V3 ? ( Have I gone? / Has he gone?)

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  • P = Sub + have been/ has been+ V1 + ing ( I have been going/ He has been going )
  • N = Sub + have/ has + not + been + V1 + ing ( I have not been going/ He has not been going)
  • I = Have/ Has + sub + been+ V1 + ing ? ( Have I been going? / Has he been going? )

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Past Tense Structure & Examples

Past Tense has 4 categories also. Now I would like to describe these 4 types with structure and example from my own experience. I always try to make my article in easy way for your betterment. In this article I am sharing all basic things about Tense. So, let’s begin the Past Tense in the below –

Past Simple Tense

  • P = Sub + verb2, such as ( I played / He played)
  • N = Sub + did not+ V1 ( I did not play / He did not play)
  • I = Did + sub + V1? ( Did I went? / Did he went?)

Past Continuous Tense

  • P = Sub + was/ were+ V1 + ing ( I was going/ We were going )
  • N = Sub + was/ were+ not + V1 + ing ( I was not going/ We were not going )
  • I = Was / Were+ sub + V1 + ing? ( Was I going ? / Were we going ?)

Past Perfect Tense

  • P = Sub + had + V3 ( I had gone / He had gone )
  • N = Sub + had + not + V3 ( I had not gone / He had not gone)
  • I = Had + sub + V3 ? ( Had I gone? / Had he gone ? )

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  • P = Sub + had been+ V1 + ing ( I had been going/ He had been going)
  • N = Sub + had + not+ been+ V1 + ing ( I had not been going/ He had not been going )
  • I = Had +sub+ been+ V1 + ing ? ( Had I been going? / Had he been going? )

Future Tense Structure & Examples

The action of the verb indicating any future time is called future tense. Future Tense has four types as well. In this part I am going to provide all Future Tenses and their structure in details. Also I will try to give reasonable example of my own idea. So, let’s see what is the topic about Future Tense.

Future Simple Tense

  • P = Sub( I/ We)+ shall + V1 ( I shall go )
  • Sub ( He/She/ It / You/They )+ will+ V1 ( He will go )
  • N = Sub + shall/ will+ not + V1 ( I shall not go / He will not go )
  • I = Shall/ Will+ sub + V1 ( Shall I go? / Will he go? )

Future Continuous Tense

  • P= Sub + shall be / will be+ V1 + ing ( I shall be going/ He will be sleeping)
  • N= Sub+ shall /will+ not + be + V1 + ing ( I shall not be going/ He will not be playing)
  • I = Shall/ Will+ sub + be + V1 + ing ? ( Shall I be going? / Will he be going? )

Future Perfect Tense

  • P= Sub + shall have / will have + V3 ( I shall have gone/ He will have slept)
  • N= Sub + shall/ will+ not + have + V3 ( I shall not have gone/He will not have gone)
  • I = Shall/Will+ sub + have+ V3 ?( Shall I have gone?/ Will he have gone?)

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

  • P = Sub + shall have been/ will have been+ V1 + ing ( I shall have been going/ He will have been going)
  • N = Sub + shall/ will+ not + have been+ V1 + ing ( I shall not have been going/ He will not have been going)
  • I = Shall / Will+ sub + have been+ V1 + ing ( Shall I have been going? / Will he have been going?
  • P=Positive
  • N= Negative
  • I = Interrogative

Tense Chart with Structure & Examples

If you memorize the Tenses Structure with Examples you can not forget and when you will try to make sentences you can easily make sentences without any grammatical mistakes. so my friends in the below section I added Tense Chart with example you need to save 12 Types of English Tenses with Examples and Formulas in your mind.

Types of TensesRules and FormulaExamples of Tenses
1. Simple Present TenseSubject + Verb in the base form/third person plural form + the rest of the sentenceMahfuj eats bread and butter before going to school.
2. Present Continuous TenseSubject + Helping Verb(am/is/are) + Main verb + ing + the rest of the sentence Students are going to school.
3. Present Perfect TenseSubject + Helping Verb (have/has) + Past participle of the main verb + the rest of the sentence along with the time frameShe has lived here all her life.
4. Present Perfect Continuous TenseSubject + Have/Has + Been + Verb+ ing + the rest of the sentencehave been working on this project for a month.
5. Simple Past TenseSubject + Verb + ed / verb in the past tense + the rest of the sentenceAbeda went to the supermarket yesterday.
6. Continuous Tense Subject + Helping Verb(was/were) + Main verb + ing + the rest of the sentenceIt was snowing today.
7. Past Perfect TenseSubject + Helping Verb (had) + Past participle of the main verb + the rest of the sentence along with the time frame.She had met him before the party.
8. Past Perfect Continuous TenseSubject + Had + Been + Verb + ing + the rest of the sentenceHe had been drinking milk out the carton when Mom walked into the kitchen.
9. Simple Future TenseSubject + will/shall + V1 + Objectwill write articles on different topics.
10. Future Continuous TenseSubject + will be/shall be + V1 + ing + ObjectI will have been waiting here for three hours by six o’clock.
11. Future Perfect TenseSubject + will have/shall have + V3 + Objectwill have dressed up by the time you reach home.
12. Future Perfect Continuous TenseSubject + will have been + V1 + ing + ObjectI will have been waiting here for three hours by six o’clock.

Therefore, these are the main ideas about Tense. If you want to gain overall lesson of Tense definitely read this article because in this article I shared all information about Tense which are very crucial, useful for everyone. I hope if you follow this article you will be benefited. Tense Basic Class For Everyone is important article among all article in my web site. Tense is the heart of English Grammar. Without it it is impossible to make a simple sentence.So, read this very carefully from top to bottom for your betterment of English Language.

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How many kinds of tenses?

Tense has three main categories number one is present, past, and future, these three types of tenses are divided into Indefinite or Simple Tense, Continuous Tense, Perfect Tense & Perfect Continuous Tense.

What are the most used tenses in English?

All English tenses are useful in the English language but the most used tenses are present simple and Continuous also Present present perfect, Past simple, and Future simple.

What is the name of 12 tenses?

There are 12 Types of English Tenses:
Present Simple,
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Simple
Future Continuous
Future Perfect
Future Perfect Continuous

Tense related tags, present perfect tense, past tense, past perfect tense, simple present tense, present continuous tense, present tense, past continuous tense simple past tense, future tense, future perfect tense.

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Abeda Jannat Scholarship Analyst from United Kingdom. Her main focus is to share how you can crack IELTS Exam, How you will get a Scholarship from Best University in the world, also she will share all her experiences about IELTS, University Admission or Application process, etc.

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